__Plan S__ is an initiative for open-access science publishing that was launched by Science Europe on 4 September 2018. It is an initiative of "cOAlition S", a consortium launched by major national research agencies and funders from twelve European countries - wikipedia
- Fact Sheet - pdf
The plan requires scientists and researchers who benefit from state-funded research organisations and institutions to publish their work in open repositories or in journals that are available to all by 2020. The "S" stands for "shock".
# Principles of the plan
The plan is structured around ten principles. The key principle states that by 2020, research funded by public grants must be published in open access journals or platforms. The ten principles are - wikipedia
- authors should retain copyright on their publications, which must be published under an open license such as Creative Commons; - the members of the coalition should establish robust criteria and requirements for compliant open access journals and platforms;
- they should also provide incentives for the creation of compliant open access journals and platforms if they do not yet exist; - publication fees should be covered by the funders or universities, not individual researchers; - such publication fees should be standardized and capped; - universities, research organizations, and libraries should align their policies and strategies; - for books and monographs, the timeline may be extended beyond 2020; - open archives and repositories are acknowledged for their importance; - hybrid open-access journals are not compliant with the key principle; - members of the coalition should monitor and sanction non-compliance.
# Members of the coalition
Organisations in the coalition behind Plan S include - wikipedia
- Austria: Austrian Science Fund; - Finland: Academy of Finland; - France: Agence nationale de la recherche|Agence Nationale de la Recherche; - Ireland: Science Foundation Ireland; - Italy: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare; - Luxembourg: ; - Netherlands: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research; - Norway: Research Council of Norway; - Poland: The National Science Centre (Poland)|National Science Centre; - Slovenia: ; - Sweden: ;Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (Forte); Swedish Riksbank's Jubileee Fond (RJ) - Jordan: Science and technology in Jordan|Higher Council for Science and Technology - Zambia; - United Kingdom: United Kingdom Research and Innovation; Wellcome Trust - United States: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation|Gates Foundation.
# See also